Air-mover vacuum trucks (also known as wet/dry vacuum trucks) are typically designed with a high air flow capability of 5,000 to 6,000 cfm with a vacuum pump of 27 to 28 inches with either dual or tri lobes. They also have the same components of standard vacuum trucks, such as the bag chamber with filter bags; the cyclone separator; and the tank. The following is a list of important component options of this extremely versatile piece of equipment that will greatly enhance its performance.
- Hydraulic Boom – This component is very helpful for trench or sewer applications as well as when the location of the task is over a fence or a wall. Hydraulic booms enable operators to have additional tubes that can be lowered directly to the site of the sludge or waste material. Operators can position themselves in a safer and cleaner location rather than controlling the hose manually.
- Advanced Pump System – There are different pump systems such as sludge or vane models that can be installed in these specialty trucks. The sludge version is used to pump liquid or sludge materials from a tank. The vane version can be added to blow materials out from the body. It can also be used as an auxiliary pump to suck up liquid material and is also known as the body pressurization or auxiliary vane design.
- Unloading Options – There are at least two unloading options for air-mover trucks: pneumatic unloading and high dump systems. A pneumatic unloading system uses a component that enables the equipment to unload the material directly into a silo, storage containers or hoppers as well as into another truck tank or body. Another option for unloading material is the high dump system; the tank is raised to discharge material into a container or is taken directly to the disposal site.
- Detachable Separator – A detachable separator can be added and is very useful, especially under circumstances that require the unloading of material into bags, barrels or open containers before they even enter the tank. Therefore, this component is very effective, especially when handling hazardous material. It enables simultaneous vacuuming and the continuous unloading of material.
- Rail Wheels – Rail wheels can be installed on air-movers so they can be used on railroads and operate on the railroad tracks. Usually rail wheels are mounted on the rear and front of the truck, and rear seats and platforms can be installed to allow the operators to use the system on the railroad tracks. In order to propel the air-movers forward and backward on the railway, a creeper system is installed to the unit.
- Sound Suppression System – One of the biggest problems with many vacuum trucks during their operation is the high volume of noise. A sound suppression system can be installed onto the vehicle, reducing the sound levels of the equipment during operation.
Air-mover vacuum trucks are an exceptional tool that offers great potential to many businesses. They operate efficiently and are very cost-effective for any vacuum extraction tasks. If business owners have sufficient knowledge about this equipment including its components, capability and operational requirements, such a vehicle can prove to be a wise investment. These units can be customized to meet the specific business needs of each company. Knowledge about the air-mover vacuum truck can allow a business owner to effectively increase productivity and profitability!