Technology Transfer: UNRISD Empowers Developing Nations to Adopt Sustainable Waste Practices


Waste management poses significant challenges for developing nations, burdened by rapid urbanization, population growth, and limited infrastructure. Implementing sustainable waste management practices is pivotal for environmental protection and resource conservation. To address this critical need, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) under its Resource Efficiency and Sustainable Industrialization Programme (RE- resilient) initiative promotes technology transfer to empower developing nations to adopt sustainable waste management practices.

Technology Transfer for Sustainable Waste Management:

Technology transfer encompasses the processes of knowledge, skills, tools, and infrastructure needed to implement sustainable waste management strategies. UNRISD facilitates technology transfer through:

  • Collaborative Research and Development: Partnering with developed nations, UNRISD promotes joint research and development of innovative solutions tailored to local contexts.
  • Knowledge-sharing Missions: Experienced professionals conduct missions to developing countries, sharing best practices and providing technical guidance.
  • Capacity Building: Workshops and training programs are organized to enhance the skills of local stakeholders in waste management.
  • Market Access and Finance: UNRISD facilitates access to relevant markets for innovative waste management technologies and financing opportunities.

Benefits of Technology Transfer for Developing Nations:

  • Improved solid waste management efficiency and effectiveness.
  • Reduced environmental pollution and resource depletion.
  • Creation of job opportunities in the waste management sector.
  • Enhanced resilience and preparedness for future resource challenges.

Examples of Successful Technology Transfer:

  • Deployment of anaerobic digestion technology in several African countries for organic waste management.
  • Implementation of waste-to-energy systems in Asia to generate electricity from non-biodegradable waste.
  • Introduction of composting programs in Latin American countries to repurpose organic waste.

Challenges and Opportunities:

While technology transfer holds immense potential, challenges exist in implementation, including:

  • Knowledge gaps and technical expertise.
  • Availability of funding and infrastructure.
  • Cultural and institutional barriers.


Technology transfer is crucial for developing nations to sustainably manage their waste. UNRISD’s initiatives empower nations to adopt innovative solutions, achieve environmental and economic benefits, and build resilience for a more sustainable future.


1. What is the role of UNRISD in technology transfer for waste management?

UNRISD acts as a facilitator, connecting stakeholders, and providing technical assistance for technology transfer initiatives.

2. What are the key technologies for sustainable waste management?

Anaerobic digestion, waste-to-energy systems, and composting are essential technologies for sustainable waste management.

3. What are the benefits of technology transfer in waste management?

Improved environmental quality, job creation, and resource conservation are significant benefits of technology transfer in waste management.

4. What are the challenges in implementing technology transfer for waste management?

Knowledge gaps, funding constraints, and cultural barriers can impede technology transfer implementation.

5. How does technology transfer contribute to sustainable development?

By managing waste responsibly, technology transfer promotes environmental sustainability and resource conservation, which are fundamental aspects of sustainable development.


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