Somalia Embraces Incineration to Battle Animal Waste in Major Cities

Somalia’s booming population and burgeoning livestock industry have left its major cities grappling with increasing volumes of animal waste. This accumulation poses serious environmental and public health risks, prompting the government to implement a radical solution – widespread adoption of animal waste incineration.

The Problem

Somalia’s urban landscape witnesses a surge in the number of livestock, primarily camels, goats, and sheep. As these animals concentrate in urban areas, their waste accumulates, creating unsanitary conditions and breeding ground for disease-causing pathogens. Traditional disposal methods like open dumping and burying are inadequate to manage the problem, leading to:

  • Air pollution: Open burning of animal waste releases harmful pollutants into the air.
  • Water pollution: Improper disposal can contaminate water sources.
  • Disease outbreaks: Decaying animal waste harbors bacteria and parasites that can spread disease.
  • Health risks: Exposure to decaying waste poses health risks to both humans and animals.

The Solution – Incineration

Recognizing the need for a sustainable and efficient solution, the Somali government has initiated a project to establish a network of animal waste incinerators in major cities. These incinerators will utilize advanced technologies to safely and effectively destroy the waste, mitigating the aforementioned risks.

Benefits of Incineration

  • Environmentally friendly: Incineration significantly reduces the volume of waste and eliminates disease-causing pathogens.
  • Resource recovery: Byproducts of the process include sterile ash and biogas, which can be used as valuable agricultural nutrients and energy sources.
  • Public health improvement: Reduced disease risks and improved air quality contribute to public health benefits.

Implementation and Challenges

The rollout of the incineration project has faced challenges, including:

  • Funding and infrastructure development: Establishing and equipping incinerators requires significant investment.
  • Community acceptance: Public awareness and understanding of the technology need to be fostered.
  • Waste collection and transportation: Efficient collection and transportation systems need to be developed.


Incineration presents a promising solution to address the pressing issue of animal waste in Somalia. While challenges exist, the potential benefits of a cleaner, healthier environment and resource recovery outweigh the hurdles. The government’s commitment to this innovative approach holds promise for sustainable waste management in the country.


1. What are the environmental benefits of incineration?

Incineration reduces air and water pollution, eliminates disease-causing pathogens, and recovers valuable resources.

2. How does incineration compare to other disposal methods?

Incineration is more efficient and environmentally friendly than traditional methods like open burning and burying.

3. What are the challenges of implementing incineration in Somalia?

Funding, infrastructure development, and community acceptance are key challenges.

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